Petitions have been launched in all states to convince state governors to join the Paris Agreement or persuade Trump to reverse the withdrawal plan, which included a “ParisMyState” petition and a MoveOn petition that received more than 535,000 signatures.     The main objective of the agreement is to keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, including by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement differs from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, the last widespread amendment to the UNFCCC, in the absence of annexes aimed at reducing the liability of developing countries. On the contrary, emissions targets for each nation were negotiated separately and must be applied voluntarily, leading U.S. officials to view the Paris Agreement as an executive agreement and not a legally binding treaty. This dispelled the requirement for the U.S. Congress to ratify the agreement.  In April 2016, the United States became a signatory to the Paris Agreement and accepted it by executive order in September 2016. President Obama has committed the United States to contribute $3 billion to the Green Climate Fund.  The Fund has set itself the goal of raising $100 billion a year by 2020. The president`s promise to renegotiate the international climate agreement has always been a smog screen, the oil industry has a red phone at Interior, and will he bring food trucks to Old Faithful? NRDC is working to make the Global Climate Action Summit a success by inspiring more ambitious commitments for the historic 2015 agreement and strengthened initiatives to reduce pollution. In response to the following week`s withdrawal, the governors of California, New York and Washington created the U.S.
Climate Alliance and promised to keep the Paris Agreement within their borders.   On the evening of June 1, 2017, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Oregon, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont and Virginia announced their intention to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement with members of the United States Climate Alliance. Governors of other states have also expressed interest in complying with the agreement.    As of November 2020, the Alliance had 24 states, as well as Puerto Rico and American Samoa.   Following the president`s announcement in 2017, a number of states and companies have committed to further reducing carbon emissions and trying to balance the federal government`s decision to move away from the U.S. Paris commitment. “What Obama did at the end of his second term was fundamentally undemocratic to sign a Paris agreement without going to the Senate and Congress and to do it by executive order,” said Yvo De Boer, former UN climate chief. . . . .