International climate negotiations are organized by the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Adopted in 1992 at the Earth Summit on stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, the UNFCCC came into force in 1994, while the 1992 Rio Declaration set out the basic principles of intergovernmental environmental negotiations (preventive approach, polluter-pay principle, common but differentiated responsibilities). The Climate Transformation Agreement (ACT) Consortium is an initiative that brings together a group of climate experts from around the world1. Over the past two years, the consortium has organized a series of meetings with interest groups representing several interests and geographic areas to discuss and develop ideas that would support the COP process. The consortium also conducted research and analysis to support these discussions. The result of this work is a proposed legislative text for the 2015 Paris Agreement, which is expected to make valuable contributions to stakeholder review prior to the meeting. Reaffirming that, as part of providing adequate and predictable support to developing countries, the parties should unite to slow, halt and reverse forest cover and carbon loss in accordance with the national situation, in line with the ultimate objective of the Article 2 Convention. It promotes a more holistic approach, which strengthens the links between the three themes, and moves away from an approach that focuses solely on mitigation. The approach is presented graphically in Figure 1. In concrete terms, with regard to the 2015 agreement on climate change: the legislative proposals, accompanied by a statement of reasons, offer a number of ideas on the legal form that the international agreement could have and thus serve as a reference tool for decision-makers en route to Paris. To make it clear to the government, the private sector and public opinion that the low-carbon economy is not only desirable but inevitable, the proposed legislation calls for that, although the Paris Agreement has entered into force, its implementation still needs to be clarified by numerous enforcement decisions. These are marked by the publication by each party of their long-term climate strategy.
The implementation of the climate plan in July 2017 by Nicolas Hulot, then Minister of Ecological and Inclusive Transition, ensured the implementation of the Paris Agreement at the national level. In order to ensure credibility and transparency, the proposed text calls for greater transparency and accountability as follows: (g) in the context of sustainable development and poverty reduction, while responding to climate change; The proposed legislation takes into account the current text of the negotiations drawn up by the ad hoc working group on the Durban Enhanced Measures Platform, but it goes further and attempts to reconcile many different points of view and strike a balance that will contribute to the development of a fair, fair and effective final agreement in achieving the objectives of the Convention.